This psalm was written for one of King David’s descendants at the time of his royal wedding. However, Hebrews 1:8-9 makes it very clear that ultimately, Psalm 45 is a Messianic psalm that points directly to Jesus Christ. So as we read through the stanzas, we are given a clear picture of who this King of Glory really is. The vivid image presented here is that there is no one so beautiful, gracious, majestic, upright, powerful, glad, and enduring.
The command of instruction given to the King’s bride is: “Hear, O daughter, and consider, and incline your ear: forget your people and your father's house and the king will desire your beauty. Since he is your lord, bow to him.” She is to listen as her Bridegroom, whom she has not seen (at least in our case this is true), is being described. The bride is also to leave behind all others and in the purity of a virgin, submit to Him as Lord and King. Matthew Henry wrote that this is “the beauty of holiness, both on the church and on particular believers, [which] is in the sight of Christ of great price and very amiable.”
It’s my prayer that I (we) would know Him more—growing in His grace and knowledge. And when asked who is this King of Glory, we will respond: “My beloved is radiant and ruddy, distinguished among ten thousand. I am my beloved's, and his desire is for me” (Song of Solomon 5:10; 7:10). Here is Psalm 45.
My heart overflows with a pleasing theme;
I address my verses to the king;
my tongue is like the pen of a ready scribe.
You are the most handsome of the sons of men;
grace is poured upon your lips;
therefore God has blessed you forever.
Gird your sword on your thigh, O mighty one,
in your splendor and majesty!
In your majesty ride out victoriously
for the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness;
let your right hand teach you awesome deeds!
Your arrows are sharp
in the heart of the king's enemies;
the peoples fall under you.
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.
The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;
you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness.
Therefore God, your God, has anointed you
with the oil of gladness beyond your companions;
your robes are all fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia.
From ivory palaces stringed instruments make you glad;
daughters of kings are among your ladies of honor;
at your right hand stands the queen in gold of Ophir.
Hear, O daughter, and consider, and incline your ear:
forget your people and your father's house,
and the king will desire your beauty.
Since he is your lord, bow to him.
The people of Tyre will seek your favor with gifts,
the richest of the people.
All glorious is the princess in her chamber, with robes interwoven with gold.
In many-colored robes she is led to the king,
with her virgin companions following behind her.
With joy and gladness they are led along
as they enter the palace of the king.
In place of your fathers shall be your sons;
you will make them princes in all the earth.
I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations;
therefore nations will praise you forever and ever.
(Psalm 45 ESV)